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18th Century Manuscript

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18th Century Manuscript

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1751 ORIGINAL, SUPERB MANUSCRIPT BOOK OF GEOGRAPHY, ASTRONOMY AND NAVIGATIONAL WISDOM AT THE THEN APEX OF SCHOLARLY KNOWLEDGE DURING THE AGE OF SAIL, 'W.B.'
1 'W.B.' 1751 ORIGINAL, SUPERB MANUSCRIPT BOOK OF GEOGRAPHY, ASTRONOMY AND NAVIGATIONAL WISDOM AT THE THEN APEX OF SCHOLARLY KNOWLEDGE DURING THE AGE OF SAIL
England 1751 Good+ Manuscript 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall 
On offer is a superb, original ancient manuscript book of English origins, titled "Some Memorandums Relating to Geography and Astronomy... Of the Figure and Extent of the Earth." Dated 1751, even casual reading finds the book filled with what was then cutting edge information being a mere 23 years after Newton's Principia appeared in English. The Age of Sail, Britain's dominance of the waves spurred science in the areas of navigation, astronomy and the mathematics of Geometry all related and discussed herein. Historians and researchers of the era will undoubtedly recall this was written at the time John Harrison the English clockmaker perfected his marine chronometer. Handwritten by 'W.B.' we surmise a professor or other academic or even perhaps someone with the Admiralty or even an active command along with a student or assistant as evidenced by a different hand. Sometimes WB offers a notation of the other's writings. Here are some examples: time calculation based on the known hour of day at another location on the globe: "The hour being given in any place, as at London, to find what hour it is in any other part of the world. Rectify ye globe for London... fix ye index of ye dial plate to the hour given suppose 4 oclock in the afternoon, this being done turn the globe, & bring any places successively to ye Meridien then ye index or hour point will shew ye true hour at ye place required... Rome... Constantinople... Fort St. George in East Indies... Pekin in China... Jamaica... Barbadoes..." "On the Longitude and how to find it... This is call'd the Longitude because the earth was supposed longer East to West, than from North to South... to find the true distance from E. to W. see Gordon's table pa 9... By this longitude here, is not meant that wch is so much sought for and desir'd, the Eastening & Westening of Vessels in their Voyages, call'd by Gordon the Opprobrium Navigatorum pa 15, but only the distance between the given place and the first Meridian inscrib'd on the Surface of the Globe, by Bringing the given Degree of Longitude to the Brazen Meridian and reckoning upon the same meridian... To find the Longitude of any given place, bring it to the East side of the Meridien, and observe what degree of the Equator is cutt by the Meridien, for that is the Longitude of the given place... reckoning upon the same Meridien the degree of Latitude given, make a mark with chalk on the point where the Long. & Lat. meet, for that is the place desired..." "The terrestrial Globe represents the true shape of the Earth (or very near it)... 1st by the Eclipses of the moon... 2ndly by the roundness of all other planetary bodyes, as the Moon, Jupiter, etc. it may be inferred... 3dly the Earth is demonstratively round because many persons keeping constantly from England in a Western Course of sailing have pass'd the Magellan Straits, gone on to the Philippine Islands, coasted down by Cochin China... Cape of Good Hope, keeping still to a Western Longitude till they make the Canary Isles, made their return into the North of England." Other data required for navigators, explorers, horologists, clock-makers, cartographers, geographers, meteorologists and other academics of the time would all have interest in the exercises, examples and adding further depth are a number of illustrations hand drawn making for an instructional guide of geographical and celestial problems with solutions. Other subjects include: measurements of the earth, its geographic coordinate system, the significance of the earth's poles and axis, finding longitude or latitude, calculating the placement of the sun in respect to the earth at a certain time, planetary movement, celestial topics such as the rational horizon and the zodiac circle, eclipses, equinoxes and solstices, the oblique descension of the sun, the "brazen meridian," calculation of time including earth's seasons and lunar years, the origin and methodology of the Julian calendar, discerning distances around the world, and some geographical features of earth including equatorial islands. The subject of navigation appears on the first page with proof that the earth is spherical setting the tone for the next 44 pages or so. [We also note that in a few areas are side notes or addendums. For example one area contains Kingdoms of the World: Britain, France, Germany, Persia and Israel just to name a few. Another note shows the capital cities of the great nations and interestingly Jerusalem is specified as the capital of Israel.] 18 x 16 cm. Some age toning and rubbing to the edges, one leaf split at hinge but overall G+. 
Price: 8855.99 USD
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2 A. MABANE, J. DE LA C.P. 1771 HANDWRITTEN MANUSCRIPT BAS QUEBEC DOCUMENT: "Inventaire de la Commonauté des biens qui etat entre pour Genevieve Brisson and Joseph Mailliot"
St. Pierre L'Ebeaques [St. Pierre les Beckets] Que 1771 Fair 4to - over 9¾" - 12" tall Autograph
On offer is an original November 7th 1771 handwritten manuscript document from St. Pierre L'Ebeaques [St. Pierre les Beckets] Quebec [Lower Canada] "Inventaire de la Commonauté des biens qui etat entre pour Genevieve Brisson and Joseph Mailliot" being an early Bas Quebec marital communion of assets where we can find many great descriptions of furniture and house objects plus commentary. Research suggests that the author was most certainly a Jesuit priest acting as justice of the peace. Some old damp-staining in two spots and some separation at the folds but otherwise in fair condition. 
Price: 955.99 USD
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3 ABBE (ABBOTT) DUCARME FROM THE FILE OF FAMED BIBLIOPHILE SIR THOMAS PHILLIPPS: 1753 HANDWRITTEN AUTOGRAPH LETTER TO ANTOINE LE CAMUS, DOCTOR OF THE FACULTY OF MEDICINE, PARIS REGARDING HIS LATEST WRITINGS "LA MEDECINE DE L'ESPRIT"
Paris 1753 Manuscript Very Good 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall Autograph
ALS dated March 9th 1753, Abbe Ducarme writes a reassuring letter to Antoine Le Camus (1722 - 1772 physician, poet also noted for warning the women of his day against the use of cosmetics having mercury). A Monsieur Fueron has loudly criticized Camus' latest work entitled "La Medecine de l'Espirit" (The Spirit's Medicine). The Abbot insists on telling Camus his ideas are excellent explaining that he has noticed people inflicted with ailments and symptoms as desrcibed in Camus' work further attesting to the truths as printed by Camus. In very good shape save for slight fault to the at the top edge and where the letter was sealed. Biographical Notes: SIR THOMAS PHILLIPPS (1792-1872). Born in 1792, Sir Thomas Phillipps from childhood was obsessed with the idea of obtaining virtually anything written or printed on paper, including cartloads of documents from wastepaper merchants and the entire inventories of booksellers. "I wish to have one copy of every book in the world," he declared to a friend. He very nearly succeeded. His collection ultimately grew to more than 100,000 books and at least 60,000 manuscripts. As a result of his extravagant purchases, Sir Thomas was permanently on the verge of bankruptcy and was constantly pursued by creditors. So many books arrived at his house that it was impossible to unpack his acquisitions much less keep pace with them. Visiting scholars, driven to distraction, would spend days hunting for an elusive text in the dusty heaps that filled every room. Because Sir Thomas has a morbid dread of fire, most of his collection was housed in coffinlike boxes that could be carted away quickly. Visitors to Middle Hill were struck too, by the presence of numerous logs, a ploy he used to lure beetles away from his books. As Sir Thomas relentlessly pursued his passion, the house itself began to crumble and its floors started to sag under the cast weight of hundreds of tons of paper. His neglect of Middle Hill was partly deliberate, however. Sir Thomas's chief enemy in life, James Halliwell, had married his daughter against his wishes. It appears that Halliwell was, in Sir Thomas' eyes, the worst kind of criminal, a book thief who had stolen valuable works from university libraries and even from his father-in-law. Having no sons, Sir Thomas was unable to prevent Halliwell from inheriting his estate. To ensure that his detested heir would never receive anything of value, Sir Thomas's solution was to allow Middle Hill to fall unto complete disrepair. He even went so far as to chop down and sell for lumber the centuries-old oak trees that lined the majestic mile-long drive to his home. In 1863 Sir Thomas decided to move - in order to accommodate his books. With the aid of 160 men, 103 wagonloads of books and papers drawn by 230 horses, the books were lumbered from Middle Hill top their new estate in nearby Cheltenham. It is said that for years afterwards the countryside was littered with the remains of carts that had collapsed under the sheer weight of the Phillipps collection. Sir Thomas continues to add to his library until his death in 1872. After Sir Thomas's death, his immediate family had no room for his collection. So vast was the library that although individual items and large sections were sold privately or through numerous auction sales, the Phillipps collection is still being sold more than a century after the death of its owner. In the course of its sales, many treasures have come to light. As late as 1964, part of the long-lost and unique medieval manuscript of the Roman poet Ovid's Metamorphoses appeared and was subsequently reunited with its other half at Magdalen College, Oxford. Once destined for destruction as worthless wastepaper, this and many other priceless works were saved by the single-minded obsession of the greatest bibliomaniac of all time. 
Price: 329.99 USD
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4 about JAMES DIMMICK 1759 RARE AND EXCEPTIONALLY UNIQUE HANDWRITTEN ACCOUNT OF THE TRIAL AND SUBSEQUENT PUNISHMENT OF AN AMERICAN DRAFT DODGER, UNWILLING TO FIGHT FOR THE BRITISH IN THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR
MANSFIELD, WINDHAM COUNTY, CONNECTICUT COLONY 1759 Good Manuscript Folio - over 12" - 15" tall 
On offer is an extraordinary historical document of pre-Independence America and the French and Indian War which pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France, with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries and American Indian allies. The document in question is two and a half pages, dated 1759, concerning the legal case of a man named Jesse Dimmick, of Mansfield, Windham County, Connecticut, a member of the 10th Company, Connecticut Militia, who refused to accompany the combined Expedition of British Regular and American Militia for the purpose of invading Canada during the French and Indian War. The letter is sent from “attorney to our Svrn Lord the King for sd Country” named Jedediah Elderkin to Samuel Gray, Esq. “one of his majesty’s justices for ye peace for Windham County, Conn.” The letter begins with some background to the desertion, “General Assembly of ye Coloney of Connecticut at their Sessions held in New Haven in March last did resolve and order to Raise five thousand troops in sd Colony to Joyne his majesty’s Regular troops in North America & in junction with them to invade Canada and Carry war into the hart of the Enemies Country in pursuance to his majesty’s orders and Instructions...Col. Dyar having recd sd orders did then immediately grant his proper warrant under his hand to Joseph Stors of Mansfield Capt of the 10th military Companey in sd 5th Regiment him ordering to Impress or Detach of the Soldiers under his command or those that ware with in the Limits of sd Companey to able bodied effective men to go in sd expedition.” The letter than discusses the case of Mr. Dimmick. “...but sd Jesse Dimmick not regarding the Laws and Constitution of sd Coloney to sd detachment & order did neglect and refuse to joyne sd company under sd Major Glass or in any wise to go in sd expedition which neglect and refusal of sd Dimmick is against the peace of ye King his crown & dignity and contrary to the Laws of this Coloney in such case made & provided given under my hand in Windham County February 27th day anno domine 1759 & in the 32 year of his majesty’s raign Jedediah Elderkin” The next page contain more details of the case. “...you are hereby Commanded forthwith to arrest sd body of the with named Jesse Dimmick and him have forth with before Amon Babcock Esq one of his majesty’s justices of sd peace for sd County of Windham...” this part is dated March 29th, 1759 by “Samuel Gray Justice of sd peace”. The last part of the document, dated the “17th day of April 1759” concerns the trail of Mr. Dimmick, who has been arrested and brought before the justice of the peace, where Dimmick pleads not guilty to the charges against him. “Dimmick appeard in sundry Guidances all which were thoroughly examinned by this court & Dimmick way heard in his defense & this court having examined sd J. Dimmick & sd guidances summoned their in of sd openion that their in cours of action...that Dimmick becom bound with loyalty in a recognized bond to sd ___ of sd County of Windham of twenty pounds lawful money.” This is signed “the above is & with in are true copys of Record as in life. Amos Babcock justice of sd Peace.” The very last page contains a list of costs associated, in pounds, shillings, and pence, “Costs abound to Mr. Nebon £1-6-0”; “Court fees £0-2-0”; the total cost of the trail for Dimmick appears to be £2, 1 shilling and six pence, before his court appointed penalty of 20 pounds for refusing to join the service. The document is in folio format, measuring 13 x 8 inches, dated 1759, in very good, clean and legible condition. The script can at times be difficult to decipher due to the dated language and spelling of the era, but rewards a close look, both the for the interesting facts of the case, as well as the wider military and historical significance of these report in the decades prior to American Independence, when it was still a British colony. There is no description of why Dimmick chooses not to join the militia, but it could be because of a belief in an independent America. This could be why he pleads not guilty to charges he is clearly guilty of. (Background: The French and Indian War (1754–63) comprised the North American theater of the worldwide Seven Years' War of 1754–63. The war pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France, with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France, as well as by American Indian allies. Jesse Dimmick was born between 1725 and 1726, and died on the 10th of January 1771. He married Rachel Kidder on May 19, 1751 in Dudley, Massachusetts. Jedediah Elderkin was born in Norwich, Connecticut in 1717. Col. Elderkin and Col. Dyer were the leading lawyers in Eastern Connecticut. Jedidiah Elderkin was appointed Justice of the Peace in 1756 and chosen a member of the General Assembly from Windham in the spring of 1751 and repeatedly afterwards until 1785. In March 1775, Jedidiah Elderkin, Esq., was commissioned a Colonel of the Fifth Regiment of the Connecticut Militia. 
Price: 4055.99 USD
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5 ADAM PHILLIPPE, COMTE DE CUSTINE 1772 HANDWRITTEN MANUSCRIPT LETTER BY NOTED COLONEL, FUTURE BRIGADIER GENERAL OF THE FRENCH ARMY WHO WILL LOSE HIS HEAD TO THE REVOLUTIONARY TRIBUNAL IN 1793
CHARTRES RHEIMS FRANCE 1772 Manuscript Good 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall Autograph
On offer is a pre French Revolution handwritten manuscript letter dated 1772 written by Adam Phillippe, the Vicomte de Custine, noted Colonel of the French Army to Monsier de Boynes requesting a position for Lieut. Constant, son of a noble Major, perhaps in the Colonies. Shortened at right for small loss but otherwise G. 
Price: 425.99 USD
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6 ADJUTANT GENERAL NIVET 1798 HANDWRITTEN MANUSCRIPT NAPOLEON ERA ORDERS REVOLUTIONARY STATIONARY BY IMPORTANT GENERAL OFT NOTED IN NAPOLEON'S CORRESPONDENCE
France 1798 Good+ Manuscript Folio - over 12" - 15" tall 
On offer is an original handwritten on Revolutionary letterhead manuscript note, dated Year 7 of the Revolution, written by Adjudant General Nivet, a very important General in Napoleon's Army who was mentioned a number of times by the Emperor Napoleon in his correspondence. This document boasts a super 'Republic Francaise' vignette and a superb, even broken, red wax seal of the General. 
Price: 545.99 USD
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7 Attorney of the Real Audiencia for the Viceroy of New Spain EXTREMELY RARE AND IMPORTANT FIRST HAND TEXT OF MEXICAN HISTORY 1794 HANDWRITTEN MANUSCRIPT BOOK
New Spain, Mexico 1794 Full-Leather Fine None Spanish Language 4to - over 9¾" - 12" tall 
Handsome Folio Manuscript in early calf with gilt written by the Attorney of the Real Audiencia (see Bibliografia Mexicana, 220) and prepared for the Viceroy. Lengthy stipulations of taxes for the freed mestizos, mulattoes, and negroes as well as exemptions for Indians of the repartimientos even when married to Spanish women. These taxes were the root of the perceived injustice that explains why freed men formed the core of the Revolution when it came. EXTREMELY RARE AND IMPORTANT FIRST HAND TEXT OF MEXICAN HISTORY. (see Archivo General de la Nation, "Los Precursores Ideologicos della Guerra de Independencia (1929) pgs 137.139." LAID IN NOTE: Arce Y Echeagary, J. Yinstruction para que los Administradores de Aduanas del Reyno de Nueva Espana hagan la legitima exaccion de los dros. de Alcabalas y Pulques en los casos que por lo regular se ofrecen en las propias Aduanas. Mexico, 1794. ADDITIONAL BACKGROUND: In 1519 the Spaniards conquered Mexico. This led to the formation of a new state called New Spain and later into a new hybrid culture. Several military expeditions were led to extend 'New Spain'. The whole of Central America, West Indies, Philippines, and parts of the current Texas and California were later conquered to become part of New Spain. The Spanish political control over Mexico lasted for three centuries. The entire region was formed into a viceroyalty in 1535. The colony was divided into provinces ruled by governors. These provinces were divided into departments and subdivided into districts. Magistrates controlled the districts and mayors led smaller villages. The parliament court handled all political matters and the Council of Indies controlled the other administrative matters. Off course the supreme authority over the Spanish empire belonged to the king. This system was pretty inefficient as it took several years for directives from the king to be implemented at the lower levels. During the initial administration, grants called Encomiendas were given to colonists, which controlled Indian labor and produce. This led to the misuse of power and atrocities against the Indians increased. The Indians revolted against the Spaniards in 1541 but were easily subdued. The Spanish emperor Charles V, initiated the decline of the Encomienda system in 1542. This decline saw the emmergence of the Roman Catholic Church. The church was successful in carrying out mass conversions. The Spaniards protected the Indians that converted. Missions and monasteries dominated much of the land. The Spaniards thrived by the new found wealth in the colonies. They amassed huge wealth by controlling silver mining, large ranches and estates that grew wheat, sugarcane, and indigo for export. Spanish merchants exported such goods as cotton, silk, and dye that were produced by the Indians. The prosperity of New Spain began to decline in the 17th century. Disease and natural disasters destroyed most of the Indian population. Most others migrated slowly to remote parts. Mines were abandoned and large areas of farmland were destroyed. The economy of New Spain collapsed. In 1810, a catholic priest named Miguel Hidalgo called upon Mexicans to rise up and fight the Spanish. Although father Hidalgo was killed, another priest Jose Morelos continued to lead the fighting. New Spain finally won its independence from Spain in 1810 and came to be called Mexico. 
Price: 11595.99 USD
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8 AUBIN, JOURDAIRE 1795 HANDWRITTEN MANUSCRIPT DOCUMENT RELATING TO THE IMPRISONMENT AND RELEASE OF A 68 YEAR OLD MAN FROM THE INFAMOUS AND NOTORIOUS PRISON AND LUNATIC ASYLUM 'THE BICETRE'
Paris FRANCE 1795 Manuscript Very Good French Folio - over 12" - 15" tall 
On offer is a superb, unique circa 1795, Year 4 of the Revolution, manuscript document relating to the liberation from prison of a 68 year old man. [Almost an extraordinary age for a man in prison conditions of the era.] The prison was the famous Bicetre and this is a detailed account of the affair. The man had a fake passport and had been arrested by soldiers. This is all the more an exceptional document given the 150+ year history of the Bicetre which in its ay was an orphanage, military hospital and lunatic asylum. The Bicêtre is most famous as the Asylum de Bicêtre where in 1793 Superintendent Philippe Pinel is credited as being the first to introduce humane methods into the treatment of the mentally ill and this letter and its content may well be a rare exhibit of those new policies. Signed Aubin and Jourdaire. 2pp, 7-3/4 x 12". VG. 
Price: 2145.99 USD
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9 AXEL FREDERIC CRONSTEDT [translated by GUSTAV VON ENGESTROM] 1788 An Essay Towards A System of Mineralogy, Translated From The Original Swedish, 2nd Edition, Printed for Charles Dilly WITH HANDWRITTEN MANUSCRIPT NOTES
THE POULTRY, LONDON, ENGLAND, UK CHARLES DILLY 1788 Good Manuscript 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall 
On offer is an original, hardcover handprinted book from 1788, regarding the Natural Science of Mineralogy (the scientific study of chemistry, crystal structure, and physical properties of minerals and mineralized artifacts). The book comes at the end of the Scientific Revolution in the Western World, roughly from 1600-1800 and is a translation of a book written by Baron Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, the famous Swedish mineralogist and chemist who discovered nickel in 1751 and is regarded as one of the founders of modern mineralogy. The title page reads like many in the 17th and 18th century, long and with much information: “An ESSAY Towards A SYSTEM OF MINERALOGY By AXEL FREDERIC CRONSTEDT, Mine-Master Or Superintendent Of Mines In Sweden. Translated From The Original Swedish, With Annotations, And An Additional Treatise On The Blow-Pipe. By GUSTAV VON ENGESTROM, Counsellor Of The College Of Mines In Sweden. THE SECOND EDITION, Greatly Enlarged And Improved, By The Addition Of THe Modern Discoveries; And By A New Arrangement of the Articles By JOHN HYACINTHE de MAGELLAN...IN TWO VOLUMES... Printed For Charles Dilly, In The Poultry M DCC LXXXVIII.” In short, this the title explains that the book is of the second edition of a translation by Gustav von Engestrom of a work by the Superintendent of Swedish Mines and Baron, Axel Frederic Cronstadt, with a “new arrangement of the articles” by Portuguese Natural Philosopher John Hyacinthe de Magellan. There are 5 lines of Latin text under Magellan's name in the title, explaining that he was a fellow of the London Royal Society as well as a member of the academies of science in Brussels, Madrid, Philadelphia, Manchester, and Paris. The next page contains a dedication “To Count LOUIS de BARBIANO de BELGIOIOSO, Knight of the Order of Malta, Actual Chamberlain and Privy Counsellor of State to His Imperial and Royal Majesty, Lieutenant General of His Armies, and Proprietor of a Regiment of Infantry in the Imperial Troops, &c. &c. &c....By his Much Obliged, and Very Humble Servant, J. H. De MAGELLAN.” A lengthy preface includes a 30 page essay by the Cronstadt, a table of contents, a “TABLE showing the original Order of the Sections in the First Edition, and the Place each of them now occupies in the present Publication,” and a section entitled “Corrections and Additions,” with directions to expunge, change, or add words or phrases in the ensuing volume (sections like this were extremely common in the time before the Industrial Revolution, when type was still set by human hand the books were printed on a mechanical printing press). The book divides the sections into overarching 4 “Classes” (Earths, Salts, Inflammables, Metals) with subordinated “Orders” and sections within each order. Besides for the text, there are two engraved pages in between the two volumes. The first plate is of drawings of tools used in a “Dry Laboratory” setting, while the second plate is of tools in the “Humid Laboratory.” All of the tools related to mineralogical analysis and experimentation. Interestingly, the back of the book contains a number of pages of handwritten notes by an unknown author. The content is just notes on the book’s topics of minerals. They almost look like study notes from a student, as they reiterate the main topics of the book. The last page shows some original content: “The daily paper of Feb’y 20 1790 mentions the Death of Mr. Magellan the Editor of these volumes. Another paper of this day says he died at Islington. He was a Portuguese Man.” This is then followed by the hebrew word for “Sefardi,” a branch of Judaism originating in Spain and Portugal. Jean Hyacinthe de Magellan was in fact Sefardi Jewish. The book is approximately 1080 pages long. The cover is a full leather binding and red endbands. The front and back cover have a good bit of wear, but the spine is in very good shape, showing a small embossing over red leather that reads “System of Mineralogy Von Engestrom”. The pages have held up very well, showing little discoloration except for the first few and last few pages. The two pages of engravings themselves also show some discoloration on the outside, but not on the actual drawing plate. The printed ink is still doing very good as well. The handwriting in the back is easily legible. The ink is faded that make it slightly difficult to read at points. Overall: VG. (Background: Baron Axel Fredrik Cronstedt (23 December 1722 – 19 August 1765) was a Swedish mineralogist and chemist who discovered Nickel in 1751 as a mining expert with the Bureau of Mines. Cronstedt described it as kupfernickel. This name arises because the ore has a similar appearance to copper (kupfer) and a mischievous sprite (nickel) was supposed by miners to be the cause of their failure to extract copper from it. Cronstedt named it nickel in 1754. He was a pupil of Georg Brandt, the discoverer of cobalt. Cronstedt is one of the founders of modern mineralogy and is described as the founder by John Griffin in his 1827 “A Practical Treatise on the Use of the Blowpipe”. He remains to this day to be an outstanding idol for young swedes; Jean Hyacinthe de Magellan (1723–1790) was a Portuguese natural philosopher. He was also a lineal descendant of the great Portuguese navigator, Ferdinand Magellan, who discovered in 1520 the passage to the Pacific Ocean through the straits bearing his name. Magellan was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1774, and was a corresponding member of the academies of science in Paris, Madrid, and St. Petersburg. His book on English reflecting instruments, published in Paris and London, 1775, was declared to be the most complete work on the subject at that period.) 
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10 CHURCH OF ENGLAND c1700s ORIGINAL SIGNIFICANT HANDWRITTEN MANUSCRIPT RELIC OF ANGLICAN DOGMA BEING THE 'THIRTY-NINE ARTICLES OF RELIGION', A DEFINITIVE STATEMENT OF DOCTRINE BY THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND
London England Britain UK 1750 Vellum Good Manuscript 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall 
On offer is an exemplary and rare Latin copy of the “Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion,” the defining statements of doctrines and practices of the Church of England and one of the most important religious documents of history. While the Articles themselves were formulated in the mid-1500s, this particular book dates back to c.1700. The Articles were issued in both Latin and English. The entirety of this book is written in Latin. There is a vellum cover still fully intact though there are small tears at the ends and discoloration due to age. Written on the front cover, and continued on the back, are a table of contents for all 39 articles. They begin with “I. De Fide in sacrosanctam Trinitatem.” and ending with “XXIX. De Christiani Juramento.” The writing is still extremely clear. Smudging or discoloration of the text throughout the entire book is non-existent. The book is roughly 160 pages long. It has been sewed together using a 3-hole pamphlet stitching. There are also some anomalies throughout. Many pages contain tiny pieces of paper sewn in that have extra writing on them. One of them reads, “Christ a true sacrifice vide Eph: 20” which translates to “Christ’s sacrifice see: Ephesians: 20”. Another reads “vide Art: XXI. Prop: V.” These little notes seem to be addendums and cross-references that the owner most probably put in himself. While most pages are fully filled with text, a few pages are mostly blank, with some writing on the top (“De sexta propositione”) and a blank space under which the owner meant to continue writing but did not. [History: When Henry VIII broke with the Roman Catholic Church and was excommunicated in 1538, he formed a new Church of England, which would be headed by the monarch (himself) rather than the pope. The Thirty-nine Articles of Religion were initiated by the Convocation of 1563, under the direction of Matthew Parker, the Archbishop of Canterbury. The articles pulled back from some of the more extreme Calvinist thinking and created the peculiar English reformed doctrine. Adherence to the Articles was made a legal requirement by the English Parliament in 1571 and incorporated into the Anglican Book of Common Prayer. Although not the end of the struggle between Catholic and Protestant monarchs and citizens, the book helped to standardize the English language, and was to have a lasting effect on religion in the United Kingdom, and elsewhere through its wide use]. 
Price: 3355.99 USD
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11 CITIZEN GAUTHIER 1793 - YEAR II - INTRIGUING HANDWRITTEN MANUSCRIPT LETTER FROM NEWLY MINTED CAPTAIN TO THE MINISTER OF THE FRENCH NAVY BUT COMPLAINING OF POOR TREATMENT BY HIS COLLEAGUES
ROCHEFORT FRANCE 1793 Very Good+ 4to - over 9¾" - 12" tall Autograph
n offer is an intriguing French letter written by Citizen Gauthier to Citizen Monge, Minister of the French Navy, thanking him for his recent letter and Gauthier's upgrade to Captain. Gauthier also write of the French Embassy, poor treatment by colleagues but he has had some congratulations on this affair. Two pages of script on a folded sheet. VG. 
Price: 445.99 USD
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12 CLERK OF THE FINANCE DEPARTMENT, PARIS 1790 AUTOGRAPH RECEIPT TO A.M. OUTREBON FOR HIS PATRIOTIC CONTRIBUTION OF 25% OF HIS SALARY
France None 1790 Manuscript Good 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall Autograph
As determined by the decree of October 6 1789, Monsieur A.M. Outrebon has made his 'Patriotic Contribution' of 25% of his salary is revealed in this Department of Finance for the revolutionary coffers in 1790 France. Revolutionary vignette. Super period piece less than a year after La Bastille.Overall in good+ shape, better without some chipping to the top edge and general ageing. 
Price: 179.99 USD
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13 Comte Jacques De Glatigny and Others SUPERB PARCHMENT HANDWRITTEN MANUSCRIPT CONTRACT AND CAEN REVENUE STAMP DATED 1749 RELATING TO A REAL ESTATE LAND SHARING PARTNERSHIP
France 1749 Manuscript Good+ 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall Autograph
On thick parchment with a superb Caen Revenue stamp, this contract revises the deals between Comte Jacques De Glatigny and Georges Lepetit and Guillaume Le Senecal. There is a separate, second, small paper document attached by contemporary pin. Very nicely written. Interestingly there is a Bed and Breakfast - Ferme-de-Glatigny - on the very spot the two lesser partner toiled over 250 years ago! 
Price: 349.99 USD
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1796 SUPER, ORIGINAL HANDWRITTEN FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY ERA STAMPLESS LETTER BETWEEN HOROLOGISTS AT THE APEX OF TIME KEEPING HISTORY IN DECIMAL CALENDAR AND CLOCKS FRANCE, COUSIN PLUMERY
14 COUSIN PLUMERY 1796 SUPER, ORIGINAL HANDWRITTEN FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY ERA STAMPLESS LETTER BETWEEN HOROLOGISTS AT THE APEX OF TIME KEEPING HISTORY IN DECIMAL CALENDAR AND CLOCKS FRANCE
PARIS FRANCE to SARRAGOSSE ESPAYNE 1796 Good Manuscript 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall 
On offer is a absolutely super, original 18th Century French language stampless letter dated 1796 with postmarks for Lyon et al, being a manuscript relic of one of the most active and extraordinary of times for French watchmakers, horologists and timekeepers who were in the spotlight during these early days of the French Revolution and onset of the Napoleonic era as the Decimal Calendar and time system was conceived and implemented. The three [3] page letter is signed from cousin 'Plumery' who send his regards to Margaret and her beau Pierre (Odet?) responding a past letter. Postmarked French Revolutionary Year 5, addressed to Odet, Horlogerie, a Sarragosse, Espayne par Via Perpignan (Zaragoza in English; a district of Aragon; Spain; by way of the Pyrenees.) While untranslated for the most part the letter appears to cover personal and business matters mentioning Paris, 79 Prennast du Pagrien and 79 Gervais, the watchmaker's district at that time. Ms Boncillion of Paris is also mentioned. The 'Odet' the letter was sent to, we believe, relates to one of two noted horologists named Odet: Odet Etienne; as stated online: 'Maître horloger genevois. Forme Louis Gabriel Colladon en 1779.' Or Odet Pierre-François: 'Fils de Gabriel. Origianaire de Genthod, environs de Genève. Horloger. Reçu habitant de Genève en 1756.' There is a 1" side edge fold separation, two small holes where the seal was opened but overall G. 
Price: 1495.99 USD
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15 David ben Aryeh Leib, of Lida SEFER SOD HASHEM being AN EXTREMELY RARE BOOK OUTLINING BRIT MILAH (RITUAL CIRCUMCISION) OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE
AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS Professor Shelomoh ben Yosef Props Full-Leather Good+ None Hebrew, Judaica 16mo - over 5¾" - 6¾" tall 
A rare book by the chief rabbi of Amsterdam, David ben Aryeh Leib, of Lida. Text entirely in Hebrew. SEFER SOD H, asher hiber David de-Lida Amsterdam: Shelomoh ben Yosef Props, 469 [1708 or 1709]. 6" tall [15.2 cm.] 32 numbered leaves [64 pages, the last one is blank], plus 58 later blank pages, plus endpapers, plus a large manuscript letter of recommendation bound in. Superbly bound in later full light brown sheep leather, with raised bands, blindstamped floral decorated compartments, covers with blindstamped floral decorated corners and borders, all edges gilt In a speckled leather solander case (stunning craftmanship). The manuscript letter is affixed in the center of the book behind the printed text but not attached to it. It is a letter of recommendation issued February 12, 1834 to Isaac Kaufman of Bergheim by a local surgeon, attesting to Bergheim's credentials as a mohel. It is about 14" x 9", with a red wax seal and is stamped three times.The wax seal is somewhat chipped away. The letter has some splits at the folds and is slightly stained and agetoned. There is an old ownership signature clipped and affixed to the front flyleaf, but indecipherable. Plus, there are 3 pp. of writing and another old clipped signature on the rear endpapers and flyleaf [i.e., at the front of the book] In addition there is, in the blank leaves, the ownership signature of Rabbi Emil B. Cohn with a record of a couple of circumcisions that he performed in 1941 and 1942. Condition: Some minor wear and handling, contents age-toned, and grayed, with some pages having a little staining at the fore-edge, but otherwise in quite Good or better condition, hinges strong. The following information was taken mostly from the online Jewish Encyclopedia: DAVID BEN ARYEH LOEB OF LIDA ca. 1650-1696 Lithuanian rabbi of the seventeeth century. On his mother's side he was a nephew of R. Moses Rivkes, author of "Be'er ha-Golah." As first rabbi of Lida (hence his name), he became successively rabbi of Zwolin, Mayence, Ostrog, etc. In 1682 he went to Amsterdam, and became rabbi of the Ashkenazic community there. A quarrel broke out between him and the rabbis of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews, who suspected him of being a follower of Shabbethaism [Sabbatianism]. David was obliged to resign his rabbinical office and leave Amsterdam. The Polish rabbis protested and denounced the calumniators. The storm gradually subsided and David returned to Amsterdam. A few years later he went back to Poland, and died in Lemberg. The inscription on his tombstone bears the date 5450 = 1690, but Polak proves this to be a mistake, as several works are extant which were indorsed by him after the year given in the inscription. David wrote the following works, some of which were printed after his death: "Be'er 'Esek" (The Well of Dispute), containing his discussions with the rabbis of Amsterdam, together with anathemas of the Polish rabbis (Lublin, 1684); "Dibre Dawid" (The Words of David), a book on morals (Lublin, n.d.; Offenbach, 1723; Zedner gives 1724, but without place of publication); "Sefer Helke Abanim" (Smooth Stones), a commentary on Rashi to the Pentateuch (Fürth, 1693); "'Ir Miklat" (The City of Refuge), a commentary on the 613 commandments (Dyhernfurth, 1690; this is included also in the "Yad Kol Bo"); "Migdal Dawid" (The Tower of David), a cabalistic commentary on Ruth (Amsterdam, 1680); "Berit Adonai" (The Alliance of God), a treatise in Judæo-German on circumcision (Amsterdam, 1684); "Sod Adonai" (The Secret of God), a treatise in Hebrew on circumcision, with a commentary entitled "Sharvit ha-Zahab" (The Golden Scepter), written at Mayence in 1680, and published at Amsterdam 1694; "Ir Dawid" (The Town of David), a collection of homilies, edited by his son Pethahiah (Amsterdam, 1719); "Shir Hillulim" (Wedding Song), a poem on the occasion of presenting a scroll of the Pentateuch to the synagogue (Amsterdam, 1680). [David Lida was the successor (1680) of Rabbi Meir Stern, who was the successor of Rabbi Isaac Deckingen, Chief Rabbi of Amsterdam]. Variant titles: Sod H., Sod Ha-Shem, Sod Adonai, Sharvit ha-zahav, Mateh Mosheh `al `inyene milah Sefer Sod Hashem. Verso of title page: Nidpas be-elef `otakim Variant publisher's name: Bi-defus Sh. ben Y. Kats, Professor Shelomoh ben Yosef Props. This is a one of a kind remarkable Judaica item. Please write for pictures. 
Price: 3249.99 USD
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16 DE MENCK 1782 - 1783 ARCHIVE OF HANDWRITTEN MANUSCRIPT ENTRIES PROVIDED THE ROYAL COURT OF BELGIUM REGARDING MARITIME TRADE WITH THE AMERICAS AND MOST NOTABLY THE THIRTEEN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
GHENT BELGIUM HOLLAND 1782 Manuscript Very Good+ Folio - over 12" - 15" tall Autograph
On offer is a remarkable historical archive of twenty folded folio sheets bearing 23 entries on ten of the pages as presented before the court at Ghent, Belgium between April 1782 - February 1783 and pertaining to Flemish trade in the latter part of the 18th century much of it relating to trade and shipments for the new Republic. The timing of the manuscripts is particularly notable as the documents shed light on-cross Atlantic maritime trade during a very volatile period of Europe and America for two primary reasons: 1) The manuscripts are written during the last phase of the War of American Independence and refer many times throughout: "colonies americaines maintenant en guerre contre le Roi de la grande bretagne" and 2) They are written during the period of the 4th Anglo-Dutch war, which effectively brought Dutch maritime dominance to an end. Three [3] of the entries are written in French, the other 20 are in Dutch. Each is signed De Menck. There are references to ships departing from Oostend and Amsterdam for England, Cuba, Cadiz, Surinam, and Paramaribo destined to carry or carrying such goods as meat, butter, wheat, paint, cotton, ginger, and coffee. Measures 34 x 22cm. Watermark to leaves. VG+ 
Price: 2459.99 USD
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17 DECREE OF THE NATIONAL CONVENTION 1792 DECREE OF THE NATIONAL CONVENTION WITH REFERENCE TO THE LOUVRE
France 1792 Manuscript Good 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall Autograph
Dated November, 27, 1792 'DECRET DE LA CONVENTION NATIONALE' dealing with the employees and their lodgings in both the Louvre and the Tuileries of the deposed King Louis XVI. Signed inprint by M. Monge and countersigned by Garat. Includes a bold unidentifiable signature. Some yellowing but otherwise in good+ condition. 
Price: 289.99 USD
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18 DELABIQUE AND AN UNIDENTIFIED CHIEF SURGEON TO THE KING ARCHIVE OF TWO (2) HANDWRITTEN HOLOGRAPH LETTERS GIVING OPPOSING TESTIMONIES REGARDING THE SAME INCIDENT FROM THE SIR THOMAS PHILLIPPS COLLECTION
VERSAILLES, FRANCE 1792 Manuscript Very Good 12mo - over 6¾" - 7¾" tall Autograph
Archive of two (2) handwritten letters, both dated January 14th, 1792, both physically attached at the bottom left corner with sealing wax. Very interesting: The first letter, beautifully penned, whose author's signature is indecipherable yet whose status as a 'ancient surgeon to the King' is foremost in presentation, tells of the story of a young boy named Colinot. The boy has been severely injured to the point of blood building up under his eye lids and that he required many sutures to the head and around the nose. The second letter, (in a much rougher handwriting style than the refined Chiel Surgeon), by M. DeLaBique recounts the same injuries, but as told to him by a M. George LaFleur, they were acquired in a street brawl between a group of young boys. Biographical Notes: SIR THOMAS PHILLIPPS (1792-1872). Born in 1792, Sir Thomas Phillipps from childhood was obsessed with the idea of obtaining virtually anything written or printed on paper, including cartloads of documents from wastepaper merchants and the entire inventories of booksellers. "I wish to have one copy of every book in the world," he declared to a friend. He very nearly succeeded. His collection ultimately grew to more than 100,000 books and at least 60,000 manuscripts. As a result of his extravagant purchases, Sir Thomas was permanently on the verge of bankruptcy and was constantly pursued by creditors. So many books arrived at his house that it was impossible to unpack his acquisitions much less keep pace with them. Visiting scholars, driven to distraction, would spend days hunting for an elusive text in the dusty heaps that filled every room. Because Sir Thomas has a morbid dread of fire, most of his collection was housed in coffinlike boxes that could be carted away quickly. Visitors to Middle Hill were struck too, by the presence of numerous logs, a ploy he used to lure beetles away from his books. As Sir Thomas relentlessly pursued his passion, the house itself began to crumble and its floors started to sag under the cast weight of hundreds of tons of paper. His neglect of Middle Hill was partly deliberate, however. Sir Thomas's chief enemy in life, James Halliwell, had married his daughter against his wishes. It appears that Halliwell was, in Sir Thomas' eyes, the worst kind of criminal, a book thief who had stolen valuable works from university libraries and even from his father-in-law. Having no sons, Sir Thomas was unable to prevent Halliwell from inheriting his estate. To ensure that his detested heir would never receive anything of value, Sir Thomas's solution was to allow Middle Hill to fall unto complete disrepair. He even went so far as to chop down and sell for lumber the centuries-old oak trees that lined the majestic mile-long drive to his home. In 1863 Sir Thomas decided to move - in order to accommodate his books. With the aid of 160 men, 103 wagonloads of books and papers drawn by 230 horses, the books were lumbered from Middle Hill top their new estate in nearby Cheltenham. It is said that for years afterwards the countryside was littered with the remains of carts that had collapsed under the sheer weight of the Phillipps collection. Sir Thomas continues to add to his library until his death in 1872. After Sir Thomas's death, his immediate family had no room for his collection. So vast was the library that although individual items and large sections were sold privately or through numerous auction sales, the Phillipps collection is still being sold more than a century after the death of its owner. In the course of its sales, many treasures have come to light. As late as 1964, part of the long-lost and unique medieval manuscript of the Roman poet Ovid's Metamorphoses appeared and was subsequently reunited with its other half at Magdalen College, Oxford. Once destined for destruction as worthless wastepaper, this and many other priceless works were saved by the single-minded obsession of the greatest bibliomaniac of all time. 
Price: 449.99 USD
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19 DEUCHAR, DAVID AN IMPORTANT COLLECTION OF SCOTTISH HAND DRAWN AND ENGRAVED HERALDIC ARMORIALS CRESTS BY DAVID DEUCHAR THE FAMED ENGRAVER OF HANS HOLBEIN'S DANCE OF DEATH
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND WILLIAM F. CLAY Half-Leather Good+ None English Language Elephant Folio - over 15" - 23" tall DAVID DEUCHAR 
HERALDIC CREST MANUSCRIPT. Large, thick Folio, late 18th century marbled boards and 1/2 sheep, crack to spine and partial unhinging of front board, age worn but otherwise well-preserved. A handsome and imposing manuscript of 1000s of engraved crests, including numerous crests drawn by hand, arranged by the famed engraver David Deuchar (1743-1808) interestingly organized according to device type (i.e. hands, lions etc.) Carefully compiled and researched manuscript, seemingly intended for publication, with numerous markings accorded to known and unknown heraldic crests and their corresponding family names. Pasted to first blank is a letter dated 1884 from the Edinburgh bookseller William F. Clay explaining how he "secured a unique collection of several thousand heraldic crests and devices, engraved and drawn in ink by the celebrated engraver David Deuchar and his son." He offers the manuscript for 30 shillings (1884). Clearly a working manuscript of the well regarded "Dance of Death" engraver and of great use for research. 
Price: 11595.99 USD
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20 Di Cesare, Carlo Antonio 1744 - 1764 ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT VADE MECUM HANDWRITTEN BY A YOUNG JESUIT SCHOLAR DETAILING HIS LOGIC STUDIES UNDER PROFESSORE GIUSEPPE GUIDONE, HIS FINANCIALS, HIS BOOKS AND HIS NOTES OF HIS RELIGIOUS DEVOTIONS AND DEDICATION
NAPLES ITALY 1744 Original Vellum Good+ 64mo - up to 3" tall Autograph
On offer is a super manuscript relic of 18th Century religious devotion being a vellum covered notebook titled 'Memoria' handwritten by Carlo Antonio Di Cesare, a Jesuit in Naples between 1744 and 1764. Superbly intimate look into the life of this Catholic man using the book as a 'vade mecum' or catchall thusly a diary of notes detailing the life of this Jesuit scholar: it begins with his graduation into the Congregazione de' studenti sotto la protezzione dell'Annunciata of the Jesuit College Gesù Vecchio in Naples to study 'Logic' under Professore Giuseppe Guidone. On 24 November 1744, he passes his exam Confessione generale di tutta la vita and joins a Rosicrucian Brotherhood. What follows are his notes comprised of various lists: financials such as receipts and expenditures; what appears to be an inventory of a Library "Nota de' libri che tengo in Napoli 30. lugl. 1749" [or a reading list?] with the last entries dated November 1764. Italian language manuscript notebook on paper, 16mo (80 x 110 mm), approximately 100 pages, bound in original vellum, overall G+. 
Price: 3155.99 USD
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