Title: 1829 ORIGINAL MASSIVE MANUSCRIPT MATHEMATIC AND ARITHMETIC CYPHERING COPYBOOK FILLED WITH COMPLEX AND BASIC EQUATIONS AND SOLUTIONS
Book Condition: Fair
Size: 4to - over 9¾" - 12" tall
Publisher: BULLS FERRY NEW JERSEY  1829
Seller ID: 0001671
On offer is a super, original 1829 manuscript mathematics copybook and school book handwritten by James McDonald of Bulls Ferry, New Jersey and was bought October 11th, 1829. The book features beautiful period penmanship. The breadth and depth of this copybook is remarkable with many dozens of complex and basic problems and solutions and explanations including: simple addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, simple reduction, apothecaries' weight, long measure, land measure, liquid measure, dry measure, and compound addition and subtraction. Some of the money problems are in "Federal Money" and some are still in British Pounds. The book is in rough shape: the front cover of the 120+ page book and the first couple pages are separated from the text block but are still present. Some of the rear pages are stuck together, some with loss but most of the remainder are intact. All of the pages are age toned, some have tears and some have edge wear. The covers are hard boards and some of the binding still remains on the spine. HISTORICAL NOTES: Bulls Ferry [takes its name from a pre-Revolutionary settlement of the family Bull, who operated a ferry to the burgeoning city of New York across the river] is the area along the Hudson River in the North Hudson County, New Jersey municipalities of West New York, Guttenberg, and North Bergen. During the Revolutionary War it was known as Block House Point and was occupied by British forces and was site of several skirmishes between them and the Americans. Brigadier General Anthony Wayne led American troops from New Bridge on a raid against the blockhouse on July 20, 1780, after which it was abandoned and when British troops decamped to the fort at Bergen Neck. Like Burdett's Landing to the north, it was a crucial crossing point. Ferry service continued for several decades until steam ferries, notably from Hoboken, replaced the earlier row-and-sail service. Larger terminals to the north at Edgewater and south at West Shore Railroad Terminal at Weeehawken operated until the 1950s. Overall Fair.
KEYWORDS: HISTORY OF, GEOMETRY, ALGEBRA, CALCULUS, STATISTICS, SCIENTIFIC NOTATIONS, MATHEMATICAL EQUATIONS, CYPHERING, TRIGONOMETRY, CALLIGRAPHY, MATHEMATICS, HANDWRITING, PENMANSHIP, ARITHMETIC, CIPHERING, CYPHERING, EDUCATION, TEACHING, MATHEMATICAL, COMPLEX MATHEMATICS, FEDERAL MONEY, BULLS FERRY, NEW JERSEY, JAMES MACDONALD, NEW JERSEY, STATISTICS, SCIENTIFIC NOTATIONS, MATHEMATICAL EQUATIONS, COMPLEX EQUATIONS, HANDWRITING, PENMANSHIP, ARITHMETIC, CIPHERING, CYPHERING, EDUCATION, TEACHING, MATHEMATICAL, COMPLEX MATHEMATICS, 19TH CENTURY, ABIGAIL GILES, SANBORNTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE, HANDWRITTEN, MANUSCRIPT, DOCUMENT, LETTER, AUTOGRAPH, DIARY, JOURNAL, LOG, KEEPSAKE, WRITER, HAND WRITTEN, DOCUMENTS, SIGNED, LETTERS, MANUSCRIPTS, HISTORICAL, HOLOGRAPH, WRITERS, DIARIES, JOURNALS, LOGS, AUTOGRAPHS, PERSONAL, MEMOIR, MEMORIAL, PERSONAL HISTORY, AMERICANA, ANTIQUITÉ, CONTRAT, VÉLIN, DOCUMENT, MANUSCRIT, PAPIER ANTIKE, BRIEF, PERGAMENT, DOKUMENT, MANUSKRIPT, PAPIER OGGETTO D'ANTIQUARIATO, ATTO, VELINA, DOCUMENTO, MANOSCRITTO, CARTA ANTIGÜEDAD, HECHO, VITELA, DOCUMENTO, MANUSCRITO, PAPEL, AMERICANA,