[HENRY MORTON STANLEY] 1890s ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT NOTES ON A LECTURE BY THE RENOWNED AFRICAN EXPLORER DETAILING THE EMIN PASHA RELIEF EXPEDITION
England 1890 Very Good
On offer is a superb manuscript relic of Victorian Era exploration, travel and adventure being an original notebook handwritten by what appears to be a reporter's notes [there are editorial corrections in colored pencil] from a lecture given by Henry Morton Stanley concerning the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition and a journey into Darkest Africa. This notebook has 12 pages of handwritten notes written on one side of the page only plus the covers and one blank page at the end measuring about 9.5" x 6". The notes begin: "As Stanley entered the stage and walked to his seat he was greeted with loud applause which lasted for about one minute, then he was introduced and there was more applause, after the audience became quiet he began to speak. He began by saying my lecture tonight will be upon the preparations for the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition and of our march through Darkest Africa. The he went on and gave his impression of Emin Pasha, a very large broad shouldered military hero - a second Chinese Gordon...." It is known that following the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition into Darkest Africa Stanley went on a lecture tour in advance of publishing his book and this appears to be most assuredly the notes from one of those lectures. The handwriting is neat and legible and easily read. Overall VG. The following is some information on Henry Morton Stanley and the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition from Wikipedia: The Emin Pasha Relief Expedition of 1886 to 1889 was one of the last major European expeditions into the interior of Africa in the nineteenth century, ostensibly to the relief of Emin Pasha, General Charles Gordon's besieged governor of Equatoria, threatened by Mahdist forces. Led by Henry Morton Stanley, the expedition came to be both celebrated, for its ambition in crossing "darkest Africa", and notorious, for the bloodshed and death left in its wake. When the Mahdists captured Khartoum in 1885, Egyptian administration of the Sudan collapsed, and the extreme southern province Equatoria, located on the upper reaches of the Nile near Lake Albert was nearly cut off from the outside world. Emin Pasha was a German doctor and naturalist who had been appointed Governor of Equatoria. He was able to send and receive letters via Buganda and Zanzibar and had been informed in February 1886 that the Egyptian government would abandon Equatoria. In July, encouraged by the missionary Alexander Mackay, he had invited the British government to annex Equatoria itself. Although the government was not interested in such a doubtful venture, the British public came to see Emin as a second General Gordon in mortal danger from the Mahdists. By November, Scottish businessman and philanthropist William Mackinnon, who had been involved in various colonial ventures, had approached Stanley about leading a relief expedition. Stanley declared himself ready "at a moment's notice" to go. Mackinnon then approached J. F. Hutton, a business acquaintance also involved in colonial activities, and together they organized the "Emin Pasha Relief Committee", mostly consisting of Mackinnon's friends, whose first meeting was on 19 December 1886. The Committee raised a total of about 32,000 pounds. Stanley was officially still in the employment of Léopold II of Belgium, whom he had been employed by in carving out Léopold's 'Congo Free State'. As a compromise for letting Stanley go, it was arranged in a meeting in Brussels between Stanley and the king, that the expedition would take a longer route up the Congo River, contrary to plans for a shorter route inland from the eastern African coast. In return, Léopold would provide his Free State steamers for the transportation of the expedition up the river, from Stanley Pool (now Pool Malebo) as far as the mouth of the Aruwimi River. By 1 January 1887 Stanley was back in London preparing the expedition, to widespread public acclaim."